We offer free and confidential testing for both chlamydia and gonorrhea.
If you’re sexually active, it is becoming increasingly important to be proactive with your sexual health and be tested yearly. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women under 25 and sexually active men and women with multiple partners be tested every year for chlamydia and gonorrhea.
In 2017, the number of people in California diagnosed with chlamydia, gonorrhea or syphilis increased by 45 percent compared to five years prior, and sexually transmitted infections are becoming increasingly common.
And to add that gonorrhea and chlamydia are usually asymptomatic, if left untreated they may cause infertility or lead to pelvic inflammatory disease.
If you are just finding out you’re pregnant and are concerned about whether you may have an STI, know that your OB physician will test you early in your pregnancy. Because of the health risks posed to both you and baby during pregnancy, your first prenatal visit will likely involve a screening for: HIV, hepatitis B, chlamydia and syphilis.
Chlamydia is the most commonly reported STD in the United States. An estimated 2.86 million infections occur annually.
The rates of reported chlamydia are quite higher for women than for men. See this CDC graph.
It is estimated that 1 in 20 sexually active young women (age 14-24) has chlamydia.
Symptoms women may notice: abnormal vaginal discharge, a burning sensation when urinating
Symptoms men may notice: discharge from the penis, a burning sensation when urinating, pain/swelling in the testicles
Chlamydia can cause a potentially fatal ectopic pregnancy (which is a pregnancy that occurs outside of the womb).
For women, untreated chlamydia can spread to her uterus and fallopian tubes, which can then cause pelvic inflammatory disease. Women may have pelvic or abdominal pain as a symptom. PID can cause long-term, permanent damage to the reproductive system, including infertility and an ectopic pregnancy.
The good news is that chlamydia can be easily treated with antibiotics, though you must carefully follow your physician’s instructions regarding time needed to abstain from sexual contact and the importance of a follow-up test three months after treatment to ensure no re-infection.
Gonorrhea is a very common infectious disease, with the CDC estimating 820,000 new infections per year in the United States.
The highest reported rates of gonorrhea are among sexually active teenagers, young adults and African Americans.
Both men and women tend to be asymptomatic when they have gonorrhea.
Men may display symptoms of a urethral infection, including green, white, or yellow discharge. or discomfort while urinating.
Women may have mild symptoms that mimic bladder or vaginal infections, such as increased vaginal discharge or discomfort when urinating.
For men, gonorrhea may be complicated by epididymitis, which is swelling of the tube in the back of the testicles that carries sperm. This can cause intense pain and infertility.
For women, untreated gonorrhea can spread to the uterus and fallopian tubes, which can then cause pelvic inflammatory disease. This can lead to internal abscesses, chronic pelvic pain, and damage to the fallopian tubes, leading to potential infertility and potential ectopic pregnancies.
Gonorrhea can be treated with the right treatment, but permanent damage cannot be repaired. And due to the increasing resistance of gonorrhea to antibiotics, it’s becoming increasingly difficult to treat. if symptoms persist more than a few days of receiving treatment, follow up with a doctor for an evaluation.